Qualitative and quantitative methodologies compared: Ontological and Epistemological Perspectives. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality and Tourism, 12, Qualitative research is inductive , descriptive research, how ever some researcher use both inductive and deductive depends on the nature and purpose of the research the hyposis you intend to examine. Where quantitive research is statistical numerical based research empirical.
Keep it up GOOD people! I am grateful about how qualitative and quantitative differences have been defined in the research field. Thank you very much for the difference of quantitative and qualitative research methods they are well elaborated. I am Wondering to know the difference of how they conduct interview in both Qualitative and Quantitative methods what are the difference in conducting such interviews or Focus groups?
What are the methods of analyzing data in quantitative research? Thanks so much for the answer. Many thanks for giving me clear understanding around the differences between the two approaches. Interesting article and good comparison between both research methods. Thanks for the clear and wonderful distinction between the two research methods. Thank you so much. Now I truly understood what this two types of research mean about.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Key Differences Between Exploratory and Descriptive Research The difference between exploratory and descriptive research can be drawn clearly on the following grounds: Research conducted for formulating a problem for more clear investigation is called exploratory research.
Research that explore and explains an individual, group or a situation, is called descriptive research. The exploratory research aims at the discovery of ideas and thoughts whereas the primary purpose of descriptive research is to describe the characteristics and functions.
The overall design of the exploratory research should be flexible enough so that it provides an opportunity to consider various aspects of the problem. On the contrary, in descriptive research, the overall design should be rigid which protects against bias and also maximise reliability. The research process is unstructured in exploratory research. However, it is structured in the case of descriptive research.
As opposed to descriptive research where probability random sampling design is used. When it comes to statistical design, exploratory research has no pre-planned design for analysis. Unlike, descriptive research that has the pre-planned design for analysis. You Might Also Like: Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
Explorartory research means a research conducted for formulating a problem for more clear investigation. Just a few decades ago, a person who wanted to look at a living brain had two options: Both options are better than a century ago, where you kind of had to wait for someone to die to examine their brain. Research over the last few decades has been expanding our understanding, providing descriptions of the active processes in the brain.
One field that is quickly growing is the field of forensic psychology. Over the last few decades, studies exploring the decision making process of police officers, the techniques used to question witnesses and the jury processes are all being examined.
There has been an active interest in many researchers to explore the field that the judicial system needs. For instance, looking into eyewitness memory studies reveals research explaining and describing the factors that influence what people see. For example, did you know that a person with different lights shining at different angles on a person's face can alter a person's entire look, including their ethnicity?
How about that, even in broad daylight, people still get gender of perpetrators and victims mixed up? Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account. We began exploring something new with exploratory research. Then, we conducted descriptive research to increase our knowledge of it. Lastly, we need to explain it. Explanatory research is defined as an attempt to connect ideas to understand cause and effect, meaning researchers want to explain what is going on.
Explanatory research looks at how things come together and interact. This research does not occur until there is enough understanding to begin to predict what will come next with some accuracy.
The person in the dark has fully explored the elephant and understands what it looks like. Now, the process of 'how did it get here' and 'where is it going next' comes into play. This often requires imaginative studies, more so than just touching an elephant in the dark. Explanatory research never really ends because new ideas, techniques and information are constantly increasing. This is sort of like, 'the more you know, the more you realize you need to learn.
For instance, there was a time in psychology that everyone who was anyone was a behaviorist. As time went on, the field kept running into the 'black box' a term given to the ephemeral mind.
Over time, the field of behaviorism went into a sidetrack and developed into the study of cognition and neural processes. Exploratory research can also end when something has been sufficiently explained to be incorrect. For instance, the study of phrenology, or the measuring of bumps on the head to determine your personality and characteristics, was discovered to be a garbage theory. Explanatory research is typically concerned with understanding the relationship between things and how they are in the past and the future.
This often takes the form of a quantitative approach so that statistical tests can be conducted. Due to the large number of experiments occurring, pinpointing a single researcher or study is difficult. However, examples of explanatory research include examining the neural development and degradation of drug addicts, as well as the effects of lifestyle on IQ tests in adults and children.
Each of these has a great deal of studies behind it, and the current researchers are attempting to pinpoint the exact cause-and-effect relationships between the variables involved. Exploratory research is the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea.
It is the first step in learning about something. Somebody gets a new idea in their head, and it leads research in a new direction. Next, is descriptive research , which provides more elaborate descriptions and information. Descriptive research helps fill in the research community's understanding of the initial exploratory studies. Last is explanatory research , which attempts to connect ideas to understand cause and effect.
This occurs when researchers are beginning to understand what they are looking at and trying to create models of cause and effect. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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Exploratory research, as the name implies, intends merely to explore the research questions and does not intend to offer final and conclusive solutions to existing problems. This type of research is usually conducted to study a problem that has not been clearly defined yet.
An exploratory research project is an attempt to lay the groundwork that will lead to future studies or to determine if what is being observed might be explained by a currently existing theory. Most often, exploratory research lays the initial groundwork for future research.
So what is the difference between Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research? Qualitative Research. Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. An exploratory research is a non-formal research. A formal research is the kind that we do that is expected to comply with certain forms, standards and peer-critiquing.
One advantage of qualitative methods in exploratory research is that use of open-ended questions and probing gives participants the opportunity to respond in their own words, rather than forcing them to choose from fixed responses, as quantitative methods do. exploratory research methods and techniques It should draw definitive conclusions only paydayloanslexington.gqr is to present the research methodology and methods used in this study. paydayloanslexington.gqatory research is defined as the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea.