They are assumed to be either drug dealers or a criminal. The protection of the fourth amendment, however, is shrinking; it can only be used with the presence of a warrant Meeks, 9. The presence of the warrant keeps from unlawful police searches and abuse to occur.
Racial profiling is the more common form of police brutality. This is the most frequent violation of the fourth amendment. It is the tactic of stopping someone because of his or her skin color. Racial profiling mainly targets young Black and Latino men and is believed to be a justified form of law enforcement. In other words, it is a form of legal prejudice that occurs daily nationwide. Although, there are many questionable areas in racial profiling that cannot be avoided nor proven.
First, it is difficult to prove, in a majority of cases there is no evidence and the police officers can claim the stop to be a routine traffic stop. An example of this is when a black person is pulled over for a traffic violation the type of vehicle is first determined and then their skin color.
Harassment takes place and no one can prove this but the victim and the police officer. Secondly, the courts have to acknowledge that racial profiling occurred and in most cases this is hard to prove.
There are also other forms of racial profiling. In many professions, this type of profiling is used as a form as security. Taxi drivers and security personnel engage in profiling when they feel fearful or threatened. Taxi drivers use this type of judgment when refusing to pick up a customer at night and security guards use it to find suspects while working. Racial profiling is considered to be a profile used by police officers to identify suspicious criminal or violators of the law.
A typical profile used is the CARD system. CARD is an acronym for class, age, race, and dress. This system is used to fit individuals into categories for means of identification. The problem with the CARD system is that many minorities fall into this category. This makes them primary targets and poses a problem for some of the white people that also fall into this category.
Nevertheless, there are a few positive sides to profiling. For one, it can be considered to be a survival skill, allowing one to see if people are doing justice. Secondly, it puts people on an innate level. Profiling shows signs about people and certain criteria. Lastly, it is not considered to be racism. Police officers who use profiling use it as a tool because they think that they are color blind in certain situations.
Police brutality also occurs in prisons where the prisoners are mistreated because it becomes a simple case of authority. Humans have their freedom to express their rights and police brutality violates their human rights. The main targets of police brutality are two third African American or Latino and the majority of the time the officer is white.
There are five stages through which force can progress and lead to brutality: By having the deadly force stage, the law permits someone to commit a murder, and justifies its use.
Many law enforcement officials appear to have a tough exterior towards crime, but are very sensitive to crime on the inside. Police officers build up negative feelings towards certain races, sexes, or religions. Officers tend to get the impression that if one or a few people treat them with disrespect, than other people of that same sex, race, or religion will treat the officer in the same way.
Another cause of police brutality and misconduct is the amount of stress that is put upon the law enforcement official. Law enforcement officials who are accused of police brutality are required to attend a civil court hearing with a judge and a jury present.
Most of the time the jury will find the officers not guilty, or guilty of a lesser crime. Baez was killed due to the force of the chokehold, but the officer was found not guilty. However, due to racism and society, the demand of tough treatment towards criminals will encourage police officers to remain violent.
Amazingly, the police officers responsible for the killings are not held for long before they are released to their normal duties. Studies have noted that police use excessive force to the minority groups. For instance, Latinos and African —Americans have confidence that the police use this force on suspects, rather than the ideal victims of the offense. On the other hand, a number of people think that the excessive force is necessary to prevent additional crimes in the society.
Therefore, it is important to analyze the disparate views on the two sides of this aspect. Since the issue of police brutality is based on racial grounds, the police should be held accountable for their misconduct. This will enable them to treat all groups of individuals with equality; hence use appropriate amount of force. According to social scientists, many police officers are not trusted by their communities as a result of misconduct.
Their anger is imposed beyond measures. Further investigations also affirm that the brutality of police officers is persistent. Systems that deal with the abuses are no longer at ease. The complainants find difficulty in seeking administrative aid. Majority of the police officers evade punishment after violating the law.
Even though police brutality is noted to be a negative incidence by a vast majority, some think that it is a better way of ending crimes. The young and the old have improved their tactics in handling guns. Violent crimes are committed by very young individuals. Tapes of gun shows are viewed by a larger number of criminals. Maintaining law and order has been a tough task for the police officers. In this, what would a police officer do when they are robbed and their tools are stolen? Getting the victim of the offense would provoke brutality.
Therefore, the police should exercise their forces in order to scare criminals.
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