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There has recently been an increase in interest in the language among unionists in East Belfast. Ulster Scots comprises varieties of the Scots language spoken in Northern Ireland. For a native English speaker, "[Ulster Scots] is comparatively accessible, and even at its most intense can be understood fairly easily with the help of a glossary. Along with the Irish language, the Good Friday Agreement recognised the dialect as part of Northern Ireland's unique culture and the St Andrews Agreement recognised the need to "enhance and develop the Ulster Scots language, heritage and culture".

However, because in the past Catholic families tended to send their deaf children to schools in Dublin [ citation needed ] where Irish Sign Language ISL is commonly used, ISL is still common among many older deaf people from Catholic families.

Northern Ireland shares both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. Those of Catholic background tend to identity more with Irish culture, and those of Protestant background more with British culture. This has caused the two communities to become pillarised. Parades are a prominent feature of Northern Ireland society, [] more so than in the rest of Ireland or in Britain.

Most are held by Protestant fraternities such as the Orange Order , and Ulster loyalist marching bands. Each summer, during the "marching season", these groups have hundreds of parades, deck streets with British flags , bunting and specially-made arches, and light large towering bonfires. There is often tension when these activities take place near Catholic neighbourhoods, which sometimes leads to violence.

Since the end of the Troubles, Northern Ireland has witnessed rising numbers of tourists. Attractions include cultural festivals, musical and artistic traditions, countryside and geographical sites of interest, public houses , welcoming hospitality and sports especially golf and fishing. Since public houses have been allowed to open on Sundays, despite some opposition. The Ulster Cycle is a large body of prose and verse centring on the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster.

This is one of the four major cycles of Irish mythology. The cycle centres on the reign of Conchobar mac Nessa , who is said to have been king of Ulster around the 1st century. Northern Ireland comprises a patchwork of communities whose national loyalties are represented in some areas by flags flown from flagpoles or lamp posts.

The Union Jack and the former Northern Ireland flag are flown in many loyalist areas, and the Tricolour, adopted by republicans as the flag of Ireland in , [] is flown in some republican areas. The official flag is that of the state having sovereignty over the territory, i. Since , it has had no official status.

The Union Flag and the Ulster Banner are used exclusively by unionists. This red saltire on a white field was used to represent Ireland in the flag of the United Kingdom. It is still used by some British army regiments. Foreign flags are also found, such as the Palestinian flags in some nationalist areas and Israeli flags in some unionist areas. At the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events, the Northern Ireland team uses the Ulster Banner as its flag—notwithstanding its lack of official status—and the Londonderry Air usually set to lyrics as Danny Boy , which also has no official status, as its national anthem.

The Irish national anthem is also played at Dublin home matches, being the anthem of the host country. Northern Irish murals have become well-known features of Northern Ireland, depicting past and present events and documenting peace and cultural diversity.

Almost 2, murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the s. In Northern Ireland, sport is popular and important in the lives of many people. Sports tend to be organised on an all-Ireland basis, with a single team for the whole island. However, many players from Northern Ireland compete with clubs in England and Scotland. NIFL clubs are semi-professional or Intermediate.

No clubs have ever reached the group stage. Despite Northern Ireland's small population, the national team qualified for the World Cup in , and , making it to the quarter-finals in and and made it the first knockout round in the European Championships in The six counties of Northern Ireland are among the nine governed by the Ulster branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union , the governing body of rugby union in Ireland.

Ulster is one of the four professional provincial teams in Ireland and competes in the Pro14 and European Cup. It won the European Cup in In international competitions, the Ireland national rugby union team 's recent successes include four Triple Crowns between and and a Grand Slam in in the Six Nations Championship.

They are currently able to compete in Test cricket, the highest level of competitive cricket in the international arena and they are one of the twelve full-member countries under the ICC.

One of Ireland's regular international venues is Stormont in Belfast. Gaelic games include Gaelic football , hurling and camogie , handball and rounders. Of the four, football is the most popular in Northern Ireland.

Players play for local clubs with the best being selected for their county teams. Perhaps Northern Ireland's most notable successes in professional sport have come in golf. Northern Ireland has contributed more major champions in the modern era than any other European country, with three in the space of just 14 months from the US Open in to The Open Championship in The Golfing Union of Ireland , the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf throughout Ireland and the oldest golfing union in the world, was founded in Belfast in Northern Ireland has produced two world snooker champions; Alex Higgins , who won the title in and , and Dennis Taylor , who won in The highest-ranked Northern Ireland professional on the world circuit presently is Mark Allen from Antrim.

The sport is governed locally by the Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association who run regular ranking tournaments and competitions.

Although Northern Ireland lacks an international automobile racecourse, two Northern Irish drivers have finished inside the top two of Formula One , with John Watson achieving the feat in and Eddie Irvine doing the same in The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers. Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Integrated schools , which attempt to ensure a balance in enrolment between pupils of Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths or none , are becoming increasingly popular, although Northern Ireland still has a primarily de facto religiously segregated education system. In the primary school sector, forty schools 8.

The state-owned Channel 4 and the privately owned Channel 5 also broadcast in Northern Ireland. Access is available to satellite and cable services. The Belfast Telegraph is the leading newspaper, and UK and Irish national newspapers are also available. There is a range of local newspapers such as the News Letter and the Irish News. Northern Ireland uses the same telecommunications and postal services as the rest of the United Kingdom at standard domestic rates and there are no mobile roaming charges between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Both the national flag and the national anthem of present-day Ireland drive origins directly from the Rising. At first it still appeared as if the revolutionaries would take over the old symbols because on the roof of their headquarters, the Dublin General Post Office, a green flag with the harp was hoisted next to the republican tricolour although with the inscription 'Irish Republic'.

Even 'Got save Ireland' was sung by the revolutionaries during Easter week. But after the failure of the Rising and the subsequent executions of the leading revolutionaries the tricolour and 'The Soldier's Song' became more and more popular as symbols of the rebellion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the electoral constituency, see Northern Ireland European Parliament constituency. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack de jure. However, the Ulster Banner was used by the Parliament of Northern Ireland from to and is still used by some organisations and entities, and is seen as the unofficial flag of the region by unionists but its use is controversial. See Flag of Northern Ireland for more.

English serves as the de facto language of government and diplomacy and has been established through precedent. The code is within the UK and from the Republic of Ireland where it is treated as a domestic call. History of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland peace process. Politics of Northern Ireland. Elections in Northern Ireland and Northern Ireland law. Alternative names for Northern Ireland. Geography of Ireland and Geography of the United Kingdom.

Counties of Northern Ireland. Transport in Northern Ireland. British nationality law and Irish nationality law. Languages of Northern Ireland. Irish language in Northern Ireland and Ulster Irish. Culture of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland flags issue. Sport in Northern Ireland. Education in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland portal United Kingdom portal. Retrieved 2 November Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics United Kingdom. Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 4 December Archived from the original PDF on 24 December Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 24 April Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 October Edwin Mellen Press, One specific problem — in both general and particular senses — is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities.

These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences. That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title 'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht.

If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a 'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as 'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government. Murphy , A Place Apart , London: Penguin Books, Next — what noun is appropriate to Northern Ireland? Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 2 August Reunification through Planned Integration: Archived from the original on 16 July Social Democratic and Labour Party.

Archived from the original on 18 June Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey. Retrieved 24 March Sutton Index of Deaths". Northern Ireland Society — Security and Defence". Some of the heirs to Ireland's violent traditions refused to give up their inheritance.

The Course of Conflict in Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 22 November Thousands attend 'peaceful' Londonderry parade". Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups. Retrieved 29 October How the Scots-Irish Shaped America".

Retrieved 30 April The History of Ireland. Devolution in Britain Today. In Anderson, Malcolm; Bort, Eberhard. Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 7 August An Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland — Northern Ireland votes for union".

Retrieved 20 May Bear in Mind These Dead. Retrieved 16 June Whyte paper on discrimination in Northern Ireland". Report of Tribunal of Inquiry" Belfast: Answer to the question "Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a unionist, a nationalist or neither? Answers to the question "Do you think the long-term policy for Northern Ireland should be for it to [one of the following"], ark.

Retrieved 13 July The official site of the Prime Minister's Office. Archived from the original on 9 September Beginners' Guide to UK Geography. Archived from the original on 11 November Office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 11 November Office for National Statistics , Britain Northern Ireland Statistical Research Agency. Office of Public Sector Information. Archived from the original on 6 January Morrow , Northern Ireland Politics , London: Shannon , K. Beiner , Theorizing Nationalism , Albany: Retrieved 20 April Archived from the original on 22 December Dissident Republicans and the War for Legitimacy.

The Life and Politics of an Irish Revolutionary. Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 14 June Wikipedia policy is to use Londonderry for the county and Derry for the city. The name usage does not indicate an endorsement for either community's opinions. Find more about Northern Ireland at Wikipedia's sister projects. Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Republic of Ireland topics Northern Ireland topics. Nationalism Republicanism Ulster loyalism Unionism. Counties and cities of Northern Ireland. Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry. Heads of government of Northern Ireland. Shailesh Vara Lord Duncan of Springbank. Current Westminster Constituencies in Northern Ireland Local government in Northern Ireland. Countries, territories and dependencies of the United Kingdom.

England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom. Economic Empire Maritime Military.

Cabinet list Civil service Departments Prime Minister list. Countries of the United Kingdom. Languages of the United Kingdom. Cornwall Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. International membership and history. Breton nationalism history Cornish nationalism Welsh nationalism Scottish nationalism Irish nationalism incl. Anglosphere English language English-speaking world British diaspora. Guernsey Jersey Isle of Man Sark.

Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region. List of countries by English-speaking population List of countries where English is an official language.

Countries and territories where English is the national language or the native language of the majority. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Countries and territories where English is an official language, but not the majority first language. Gibraltar Akrotiri and Dhekelia Malta. Dependencies shown in italics. Irish states since Gaelic Ireland until Lordship of Ireland — Irish Free State — Republic of Connacht Irish Republic — The study of grammar and mechanics of writing will continue with a focus on reviewing concepts and avoiding common errors.

Students will further improve their writing through the study of problem areas as well as regular use of response journals. Spelling and Vocabulary will largely come from literary terminology, but will also include the study of root words and affixes in preparation for college entrance examinations. Additionally, SAT prep will be included as part of this course. Writing assignments will include Responses to Literature journal entries for each work read, a literary and narrative essay of words in length, a research paper of pages, and a final literary analysis paper of pages.

Students will have unit tests at the end of each unit. The final exam will not be cumulative. Refer to this often as you work through the course. You will have vocabulary quizzes throughout the course and vocabulary words will appear on your unit tests. You will be identifying the significance of terms over the course of several related lessons. Copy the following terms into your vocabulary notebook: Essays are to be words long.

Here is the rubric you will be using to grade this essay.

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Analysis of Heaney's Mid-Term Break - Reading a story or poem about death is usually sad and overtly predictable. However, Seamus Heaney inverts this mundane typicality to .

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Mid-Term Break by Seamus Heaney was voted Ireland’s third most popular poem in a poll of readers of the Irish Times. The tragic theme of the death of a four-year old boy is deeply personal to Heaney – his younger brother Christopher was killed in a road accident at the age of four.

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MID-TERM BREAK. The subject of this poem is the death of Seamus Heaney’s younger brother, Christopher who was killed by a car at the age of four. The Theme Of Death In Mid-Term Break And The Early Purges Essay - The Theme Of Death In Mid-Term Break And The Early Purges The Irish poet Seamus Heaney is renowned for evoking his very personal experiences and feelings throughout his poetry.

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Mid-term Break Ireland’s favourite poems Seamus Heaney. The understatement is typical of Heaney and doesn’t mean there was no emotion, but rather that extravagant language is superfluous in moments of such extreme tragedy. "Havisham" is a poem written in by Carol Ann Duffy. It responds to Charles Dickens' character Miss Havisham from his novel Great Expectations, looking at Havisham's mental and physical state many decades after being left standing at the altar, when the bride-to-be is in her old age. It expresses Havisham's anger at her fiancé and her bitter rage over wedding-day trauma and jilted.