It will identify the role of courts in present criminal justice. The purpose for court is simply to find guilt or innocence in someone who has been charged of a crime or to settle disputes in civil matters.
Such matters must have the legal authority of a judge to be considered a court. In many courts the adversary process is used, allowing both sides to give any evidence, arguments, or persuasion to support their case. A judge or a jury will decide whose case is credible based on the arguments given.
In the past, disputes were handled informally and not in a civilized manner. Some people would take matters into their own hands, which led to violence. The judicial branch of the U. Government is considered a dual court system because it separates the federal court from the state court.
The establishment of a dual court system began in colonial period. In federalism, it is required that laws are made by the federal government and the state. This is because some cases can be heard at both federal and state levels, and it can be hard to determine how the case should be handled. The development and influences of the U. In the beginning, religion played a major part in making the laws of the country. The early legal codes played a significant role in the judicial system as well.
These legal codes were used back B. One of the most known legal code is the Code of Hammurabi, who was the king of Babylon. The philosophy behind this code is retribution. Other early legal codes came from ancient Rome. The Twelve Tables were written in B. They were said to be the first written legal code. Because the early legal codes were considered to be harsh and informal, it was paved the way for the changes of the judicial system to develop a more formal and civilized system.
Common law emerged in England during the Middle Ages and was applied within British colonies across continents Its role gave judges authority to make decisions as they saw fit. There was no legislature or law making process during this time. Judges would also record the decisions, which led to precedent. In new cases, judges could apply precedents in their decision, which is how makes it common law.
It is unlikely that once a judge makes a decision that it will be reversed or changed from precedent. Adjudication means that judges decides if a person is guilty or innocent when they have been involved in a criminal act. You helped me meet my obligations as a student when I was unwell. I would otherwise be one year behind if I had not used your services.
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COURT HISTORY AND PURPOSE PAPER 1 Court History and Purpose Paper Damon G Walton CJA/ Nolson Philippe COURT HISTORY AND PURPOSE PAPER 2 Court History and Purpose Paper Court History and Purpose Paper The U.S. court system is an integral to our justice system which provides a legal framework to mete out justice.
Court History and Purpose Paper The Court is where disputes are settled, law is born, and where individuals accused of criminal crimes go. Courts are simply the civilized way to handle issue in a legal, organized civilized manner. It is a critical component of American justice system. Courts is defined by the book as, “An agency or unit of.
Court History and Purpose Paper A court in general is defined as an organization or unit of the legal extension of government, approved or made by statute or constitution, and comprising of one or more legal officers, which has the power to choose cases, discussions in law, and question matters of certainty brought before it. View Essay - Court History and Purpose Paper from CJA at University of Phoenix. 1 Court History and Purpose Paper Court History and Purpose Paper 89%(9).
Court History and Purpose Paper 2 Court History and Purpose Paper A court in general is defined as an organization or unit of the legal extension of government, approved or made by statute or constitution, and comprising of one or more legal officers, which has the power to choose cases, discussions in law, and question matters of certainty brought before it. Court History and Purpose CJA/ Court History and Purpose The court system in America has been around since the middle of the ’s and has played a crucial role in the development of how things are done when it comes to the criminal justice side.