So, it also followed the same path to combat America. This led to the growth of Cold War. Lastly, the Enforcement of Veto by Soviet Russia against the western countries made them to hate Russia. So western countries became annoyed in Soviet Russia which gave birth to the Cold War. In this phase America and Soviet Russia disbelieved each other.
America always tried to control the Red Regime in Russia. In this phase, non withdrawal of army from Iran by Soviet Russia, Berlin blaockade etc. America also signed a treaty with Japan on 8 September, However, both North Korea and South Korea signed peace treaty in and ended the war.
In order to reduce the impact of Soviet Communism, America spent a huge amount of dollar in propaganda against Communism. On the other hand, Soviet Russia tried to be equal with America by testing atom bomb. Within a short span of time, America gave military assistance to 43 countries and formed military bases around Soviet Russia.
At that time, the Vietnamese War started on Russia also signed a defence pact with 12 Countries. In Soviet Russia included Sphutnick in her defence programme. In Stalin died and Khrushchev became the President of Russia.
In an agreement was signed between America and Russia regarding the Suez Crisis. America agreed not to help her allies like England and France. In fact West Asia was saved from a great danger. In the Russian President Khrushchev went on a historical tour to America. Both the countries were annoyed for U-2 accident and for Berlin Crisis. This incident created an atmosphere of conversation between American President Kenedy and Russian President Khrushchev. America assured Russia that she would not attack Cuba and Russia also withdrew missile station from Cuba.
There was a worldwide concern demanding ban on nuclear weapons. Congress passed the McCarran-Walter Act in which reaffirmed the quota system for each country that had been established in It discriminated against potential immigrants from Asia and from Southern and Central Europe.
Meanwhile, the Communists had made gains around Shanghai. In , Jiang sent troops to attack the Communists and their supporters. The result was a massacre that would lead to civil war. The communists were led by Mao Zedong. He gained support for the Communist cause in southern eastern China by redistributing land to the peasant and offering them schooling and health care. Japanese rule of Korea was harsh, and hoped that their nation would be restored after the Japanese were finally defeated in WWII.
The Korean Conflict- The Effects of the Korean War- a One change was in military itself. Although President Truman had ordered the integration of the armed forces in , the Korean War was the first war in which White Americans and African Americans served in the same units.
These ties created a powerful military-industrial complex. The McCarthy Era- In the United States announced it had a Hydrogen Bomb, many time more powerful. A year later the Soviets detonated their first H-bomb. Now there were two nuclear powers in direct competition and the world would never be the same. In response to the presence of Soviet atomic weapons the new American President, Dwight Eisenhower, announced his policy on nuclear weapons.
This policy known as the " Eisenhower Doctrine ," called for massive retaliation to any aggressive act by the Soviet Union. What was massive retaliation? It clearly meant that the United States was willing to use nuclear weapons if the Soviets used force in Europe. Luckily that never happened. The United States proved its willingness to use force to contain the spread of Communism during the Korean War which lasted for to Ever since the US had been secure that it held an edge in technology.
That illusion was shattered in when the Soviets launched the first satellite known as Sputnik. Perhaps now the Soviets would be able to spy on the US or launch long range missiles with nuclear warheads? The space race had begun! Khrushchev did not rule as strongly as Stalin did but he was still a dictator.
In a U. This incident further increased tensions. When the new American President, John F. Kennedy, moved into the White House in he was immediately tested by Khrushchev. Overnight a concrete and barbed wire wall rose to surround West Berlin. Khrushchev was embarrassed that West Berlin was so much wealthier than East Berlin. Heras determined to stop East Berliners from defecting. Kennedy took a strong stance announcing that he would never give in to Soviet pressure to give back Berlin.
But the Berlin Wall still stood, a symbol of the Cold War. The 's saw a further increase in tensions. Twelve years, four Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon , 45, dead Americans and a total deployment of , men later we pulled out of Vietnam having failed to achieve our goals. The Vietnam War represented a fear on the part of the United States that if one nation fell to Communism then other would soon fall.
This was known as the domino effect. The Vietnam war caused many problems at home. Our society was deeply divided over the conflict, so much so that President Johnson did not even run for reelection. In Cuba, an island only 90 miles away from United States fell to Communism. The revolutionary leader Fidel Castro overthrew dictator Fulgenico Battista and installed a Communist government.
What could the United States do to eliminate this threat? President Eisenhower supported a CIA plan to train Cuban exiles and send them to Cuba to invade and start a rebellion.
The plan was set in motion by Eisenhower but never executed. When Kennedy took office he went along with the plan and the US sent in the renegade Cubans. The incident became known as the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The invasion was an embarrassing failure.
The "soldiers" were easily defeated and the US looked rather foolish. The crisis known as the Cuban missile crisis pushed the world to the brink of nuclear war. President Kennedy ordered US ships to intercept Soviet ships that might be carrying nuclear weapons. Kennedy demanded the ships turn around and that the missiles be removed from Cuba. American ships steamed toward the Soviet ships as the world held its breath.
Who would back down? Children in schools practiced air raid drills, dark curtains were drawn across windows to darken the cities and make them less of a target. Kennedy and Khrushchev were playing the largest game of chicken in history.
At the last moment it was Khrushchev who blinked and pulled back his ships. Today Kennedy is commended for winning the game known as brinkmanship. This embarrassing failure led Khrushchev to begin a new policy known as peaceful coexistence. He claimed that the US and Soviet Union could live together in peace. Khrushchev's policy did not last long as his support in the Politburo ended and he was removed from power.
The Cold War, as it is known, was a war where the two superpowers of the time the United States (US) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) fought each other in many different battlefronts but never involving actual armed conflict with each other.
Infact, Cold War is a kind of verbal war which is fought through newspapers, magazines, radio and other propaganda methods. It is a propaganda to which a great power resorts against the other power.
- The Cold War was a clash over ideological difference and control over the sphere of influence. Although the Cold War is technically over; many scholars are still fascinated with the events that could have started WWIII, and its impact on U.S. foreign policy. Professor Gaddis thus wrote an. Katie Bruner Block 3 Cold War Outline 1 - Cold War Outline introduction. A Critical Year- a) Roosevelt met with Stalin and Churchill at Yalta to work out the future of Germany and Poland. They agreed on the division of Germany into American, British, French, and Soviet occupation zones. b) The League of Nations, founded.
The Cold War was a period of tension and hostility between the United States of America and the Soviet Union from the mids to the late 80s. An Outline of Events. Ideological differences. US fears of Communism. An uneasy alliance: U.S. - Soviet Relations during World War II. Essay. Ideological differences. The Cold War becomes hot. After the United States began to actively pursue its policy of containment, Stalin .