Looking back a century later, it seems ridiculous that modern statesmen and intellectuals could be so blind to these dangers. But blind they were — and the consequences for those they ruled would prove catastrophic. Military and strategic incompetence and short-sightedness also played their part.
Their battle plans were largely based on outdated modes of warfare, some dating back to the days of Napoleon. Strategists clung to the idea that any defensive line could be penetrated, if enough men, horses and bayonets were thrown against it.
By late the Schlieffen assault, slowed by French and Belgian resistance, had run out of steam. As millions of troops poured into northern France, the war froze into stalemate. Armies dug into the ground so that they could hold it; the value of the offensive push was negated by the machine gun and the trench. The human cost of World War I was staggering. At least 12 million people were killed on the battlefield, many of them utterly obliterated.
Millions more were left wounded and disfigured, limbless, crippled or seriously injured. The weapons of industrial warfare, particularly artillery and machine gun fire, chewed through young men as a farm machine threshes through hay.
Around ten per cent of all French men under the age of 45 were killed or reported missing. Russia lost so many soldiers it was unable to tally them accurately to the nearest million. Sparsely populated Australia sent more than , volunteer servicemen — almost ten per cent of its entire population — to the battlefields of Gallipoli, the Middle East and the Western Front.
Of this number around one Australian serviceman in every seven would die. Very few of the wartime generation escaped physical suffering, psychological scarring or bereavement.
Almost every civilian had a connection with casualties of war. In some respects World War I was a confrontation between the old and the new, a transforming event that shattered traditional ideas and beliefs. The war certainly changed the political, social and cultural landscape of Europe. In Germany, the Hohenzollern monarchy was toppled from within by its starving people, the kaiser abdicating and taking refuge in Holland. In Russia, the Romanov tsar suffered an even worse fate, overthrown by his own people and later murdered.
In Austria-Hungary, neither the Hapsburg royal house or its patchwork empire survived the war. While the removal of these old dynasties was celebrated by many as a step into modernity, their departure left power vacuums and new regimes that proved no better — and in the case of Russia was considerably worse. The war also fanned the flames of political and social reform. Left wing politics flourished as Europeans sought new answers and explanations.
The armaments race was a necessary precondition for the outbreak of hostilities. You might mention that the royal families of England, Russia and Germany were related by blood or marriage. This probably was a contributing cause of the war -- a sort of twisted "sibling" rivalry.
You should also mention that WWI was propagandized at the time as "the war to end all wars" and "the war to make the world safe for democracy. WWI was the first mechanized war in history. This obviously wasn't a cause, but it had a devastating psychological effect on a whole generation of young men. I didn't know that 7. That's a huge number. Since most were no doubt killed but their bodies not found, it raises the death toll considerably. Find all posts by starrwriter. So, I just need to add more content.
Do you think the essay flows nicely? Originally Posted by funzone BB code is On. All times are GMT The time now is Return to Writer's Beat. Non-Fiction Journals, biographies, memoirs, etc. Find All Thanked Posts.
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World War 1 started in Europe in the year and went though 4 years and ended in the year The war started out with an assassination of heir to the Austrian throne by a Serbian nationalist.
The Causes of World War 1 Essay Words | 4 Pages World War 1 (better known as The Great War), was caused by a great many elements, some long .
Jun 26, · The Causes of World War One World War One left 9,, soldiers dead, 21,, soldiers wounded and 7,, soldiers missing. It was a conflict between the Allied Powers (France, Russia, Britain, Italy and the United States), and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire). Causes of World War One Essay Outline Thesis: There were many causes of World War One Argument: Militarism was a cause of World War One Evidence: the naval arms race between Germany and Britain.
Essay about The Main Cause of World War Two. The Main Cause of World War Two The policy of appeasement could be looked at as one of the greatest mistakes any group of powerful people could make. MWH 5 5/1/ MAIN Causes of WWI: Intro+Imperialism+Nationalism. World War I was an event that caused almost 10 million deaths in Europe, therefore killing off almost a generation of Europeans.