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Writing an Appendix

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When writing an appendix, it used to be traditional to include the working and any explanations for statistical calculations within the appendix, although this is becoming less common in the age of spreadsheets. It is a good idea to include a little explanation of what computer program you used, including the version, as each individual version may have its own interpretation.

You can also indicate why you used it, as well as additional information that may be useful, such as how many decimal places you rounded to. The appendix is a good place to put maps, extra photographs and diagrams of apparatus, if you feel that it will help the reader to understand, remembering that the body of the paper should be understandable without them. For chemistry-based papers, where long and complicated names for compounds are common, you can include the full name in the appendix, and refer to them in the paper by the accepted abbreviation.

The answer to that really is as long as it needs to be. The appendix should be streamlined, and not too loaded with information, but there is a lot of flexibility.

The appendix does not count towards the word count for your research paper , so you can set the length to suit. If you have a very long and complex paper, with an extremely long appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into sections, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly. Whilst writing an appendix should not affect the quality or final mark for your research paper , a well-formatted and informative appendix can create a good impression.

This attention to detail is what makes your paper stand out from the rest. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Nov 18, Retrieved Sep 10, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.

You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.

Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Numerous items are appropriate for inclusion in the appendix.

The nature of your paper will determine what is appropriate. Consult with your teacher for specific requirements. The following are some examples of material that might be included.

If you have conducted a survey or questionnaire, it is customary to include a blank copy of the material you used. It is not necessary to include filled-in forms from the participants. If you include an abbreviated chart or table in the body of your paper, refer to it as a Figure, followed by an Arabic number e. A more complete version may be included in the appendix.

Your interpretations of data or statistical claims can be reinforced by appending the raw data. Then your reader can examine the data for him- or herself. Material in the appendices can be useful to provide verification for your statements. Each appendix should have an identifying title. Paginate each one separately.

Numbers 2 and following should be placed at the top right corner of the page, within the margins. If you are using a photocopied material, you are allowed to handwrite the numbers. Label using capital letters. The first appendix will be Appendix A. Each appendix begins on a separate page. Outside sources may be referred to in an appendix, but you should never use direct quotes.

Appendices may precede or follow the References list. If you want your readers to refer to your appendices, you must give them a reason. You should refer to each appendix in the body of your paper.

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Writing an appendix is a useful way of including information that would otherwise clutter up the paper and mire the reader in over-elaborate details.

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An appendix compiles extra information related to the content of a paper. The appendix does not contain the main thesis or major points of a paper; rather, it presents resources for the reader for further reading or further elaborates on related but nonessential topics.

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Each appendix must be referred to by name (Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.) in the text of the paper To refer to the Appendix within your text, write, (see Appendix A) at the end of the sentence in parentheses. An appendix serves both the reader and the writer of a research paper. In the appendix, writers can include material that supports their theses but that would be distracting in the text of a given paper. Such material might include detailed descriptions of equipment, relevant mathematical proofs, research.

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What is an appendix?: A section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, , p. ). An appendix is an optional part of a paper. Appendices provide additional material to help clarify concepts for your reader. They are included at the end so the material does not detract from the flow of ideas presented in the paper.