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Essay on Criticism [But most by numbers]

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❶Though published anonymously, there was little question as to its authorship.

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St Paul's Churchyard, the corrupt precinct of the booksellers, may be full of bores and fools, but there's no safer sanctuary at the cathedral's altar. The Essay is rich in epigrams, still widely quoted. Briefly allegorising, Pope goes on to contrast cautious "sense" and impetuous "nonsense", again evoking the rowdy traffic of 18th-century London with the onomatopoeic "rattling".

The flow has been angrily headlong: Antithesis implies balance, and the syntax itself enacts the critical virtues. Where, Pope asks, can you find the paradigm of wise judgement? It's not a rhetorical question. The poem goes on to provide the answer, enumerating the classical models, having a little chauvinistic nip at the rule-bound Boileau, and happily discovering two worthy inheritors of the critical Golden Age, Roscommon and Walsh.

Readers and writers today can't, of course, share Pope's certainties of taste. But we can apply some of his principles, the most important of which is, perhaps, that principles are necessary. And we might even take some tips from writers of the past. Your silence there is better than your spite, For who can rail so long as they can write?

Still humming on, their drowsy course they keep, And lashed so long, like tops, are lashed asleep. False steps but help them to renew the race, As, after stumbling, jades will mend their pace. What crowds of these, impenitently bold, In sounds and jingling syllables grown old, Still run on poets, in a raging vein, Ev'n to the dregs and squeezings of the brain, Strain out the last dull droppings of their sense, And rhyme with all the rage of impotence.

Such shameless bards we have, and yet 'tis true There are as mad, abandoned critics too. The bookful blockhead, ignorantly read, With loads of learned lumber in his head, With his own tongue still edifies his ears, And always listening to himself appears. All books he reads, and all he reads assails, From Dryden's fables down to Durfey's tales. With him, most authors steal their works, or buy; Garth did not write his own Dispensary. Name a new play, and he's the poet's friend, Nay showed his faults — but when would poets mend?

No place so sacred from such fops is barred, Nor is Paul's church more safe than Paul's church yard: Nay, fly to altars; there they'll talk you dead; For fools rush in where angels fear to tread.

Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks, It still looks home, and short excursions makes; But rattling nonsense in full volleys breaks. And never shocked and never turned aside, Bursts out, resistless, with a thundering tide. But where's the man who counsel can bestow, Still pleased to teach, and yet not proud to know?

Unbiassed, or by favour, or by spite: Not dully prepossessed, nor blindly right; Though learned, well-bred; and though well-bred, sincere; Modestly bold, and humanly severe: Who to a friend his faults can freely show, And gladly praise the merit of a foe? Blessed with a taste exact, yet unconfined; A knowledge both of books and human kind; Generous converse; a soul exempt from pride; And love to praise, with reason on his side?

Pope has admired Horace a Roman poet and Vergilius poet and valued them as models of poetry. In his time, Pope was famous for his witty satire and aggressive, Bitter quarrels with other writers. Pope is generally regarded as the leading 18th century English poetic satirist. He's one of the greatest poets of Enlightenment and his breakthrough work " An Essay on Criticism" appeared when he was at age Pope was considered literary dictator of his age and the epitome of English Neoclassicism.

The 18th century Poetry. After the end of the Restoration period around , when the last Stuart monarch, Anne, died and the German ruling family, the Hanovers, took over in the form of George I , the stage in England becomes a pretty dismal place, and for the most part remains that way until the late 19th century. Plays were no longer a major literary form. After the death of Pope and Swift, poetry is no longer the preferred form and the prose works of this period are much stronger.

But most by numbers judge a poet's song; And smooth or rough, with them is right or wrong: In the bright Muse though thousand charms conspire , Her voice is all these tuneful fools admire, Who haunt Parnassus but to please their ear, Not mend their minds; as some to church repair, Not for the doctrine , but the music there. But most people judge a poet's poem by Versification an art of composing verse, which has special form, and emphasizing on tone.

They judge a poet to be right or wrong depending on whether the tone is smooth or rough. Though thousands of charm conspires the bright Muse, her voice is all these tuneful fools, who haunt Parnassus but to please their ears, admire. These fools are just as some people who go to church repair for the music there but not for the doctrine. These equal syllables alone require, Tho' oft the ear the open vowels tire, While expletives their feeble aid do join, And ten low words oft creep in one dull line, While they ring round the same unvaried chimes, With sure returns of still expected rhymes.

These syllables are required equally long, though the ear often tired with the open vowels. While expletives do join their feeble aid and ten low words are often placed in one dull line. While they ring the same unchanged chimes over and with certain returns which is expected rhymes. Where'er you find "the cooling western breeze", In the next line, it "whispers through the trees": If "crystal streams with pleasing murmurs creep", The reader's threaten'd not in vain with "sleep".

Whenever you find " the cooling western breeze", whispers through the trees" appear in the next line. If there is line saying a crystal stream, "with pleasing murmurs creep" will follow behind. Then readers can predict the following word to be " sleep. Then, at the last and only couplet fraught With some unmeaning thing they call a thought, A needless Alexandrine ends the song, That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along.

Then, at the end a couplet contains with some unmeaning things that those poets call a thought ends the poem with a needless Alexandrine. A line verse containing six iambic feet And it is like a wounded snake, dragging its body crawling away. Leave such to tune their own dull rhymes, and know What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow; And praise the easy vigor of a line, Where Denham's strength, and Waller's sweetness join. The poets tune their poem with the dull rhymes and said that was roundly smooth and languishingly slow.

And people praised the easy vigor of a line in the poem, and said that was combined Denham's strength and Waller's sweetness. True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, As those move easiest who have learn'd to dance. True ease in writing comes from art, not chance; it is just like those who have learned to dance can move in the easiest way.

It's not enough emphasizing on sound only, the sound must correspond to the sense. Soft is the strain when Zephyr gently blows, And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows; But when loud surges lash the sounding shore, The hoarse , rough verse should like the torrent roar. Pope gave several examples to show how the meaning in the poem correspond to the sound.

They are as following. When describing zephyr blows gently, the strain is soft and the smooth stream flows in smoother numbers. But when describing loud surges lash the sounding shore, the hoarse, rough verse should be like the torrent roar. When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw, The line too labors, and the words move slow; Not so, when swift Camilla scours the plain, Flies o'er the' unbending corn, and skims along the main.

Two more examples were given here. The line and the word move slow to show that Ajax strives to throw a rock of vest weight. Like Camilla swiftly scours the plain, flying over the unbending corn, and skims along the ocean. Hear how Timotheus' varied lays surprise, And bid alternate passions fall and rise! While, at each change, the son of Libyan Jove Now burns with glory, and then melts with love; Now his fierce eyes with sparkling fury glow, Now sighs steal out, and tears begin to flow: One more example given.

Just hear how the poem Timotheus' varied the lines to be full of surprises to make readers' feeling fall and rise with these changes. We can see those undulation in the son of Libyan Jove. Then Pope retells the story of that poem in the following lines. Persians and Greeks like turns of nature found, And the world's victor stood subdued by sound!

The power of music all our hearts allow, And what Timotheus was, is Dryden now. Persians and Greeks are apt to use the turns of nature to express their thought and those famous poets now insist to be covecame by rhyme to focus on rhyme.

But the power of music should allow our hearts to lead out emotion like the poem "Timotheus"did and the way Dryden is doing now. In the latest press conference, the official announces new doctrine. Jones admitted conspiring to murder her husband. To carry out the plan, England and The United States conspire together. The word "lady" has two syllables. He uttered several vigorous expletives when he dropped the iron on his foot. She is feeble from sickness.

His body lacks the bounce and vigor of a normal two-year-old. Her unvarying refusal to make public appearances. Alexander Pope, an excellent poet was good at making couplet. It has been a somewhat fraught day.

The earliest operations employing this technique were fraught with dangers. The choirboys sing the angelic strains. Zephyr's blowing makes me comfortable.

Viewing the surge of the sea, I can't help feeling afraid. Rain lashed on the roof against the windows. The sounding shore lashed by the sea looks magnificent. Most of the scene is written in verse, but some is in prose. The mountain torrent happened a couple of years ago. He strives to improve his performance. He criticizes some poets who emphasize on sounds only and show his viewpoints of true writing. Through the speaker, Alexander Pope, in this poem, we think his character and personality as the following.

Pope is a critical perfectionist in poetry for he insists that poets should combine sounds with meanings when writing poem. He is firm in his own view as to the extent of writing satire to satirize other poets. He may be a hot temper poet for he criticizes a lot. However, he is a literate with a sense of humor because he always knows how to criticize indirectly with wittiness.

He is brave as well because regardless of whether other poets' anger or hatred toward him, he is bound to say and to show whatever he feels right. Pope is knowledgeable because he uses things from large-scale filed in the examples he gave in this poem.

Readers have to be informed with lots of information then to fully understand Pope's example. Meanwhile, he knows how to appreciate and bound to praise other's strong points if he thinks that good. The listener of this poet refer to all the people in Pope's period including all the poets and readers. He wrote this poem especially to those poets who emphasized on rhyme and sounds only instead of on sense and content.

Pope's tone in this poem was both critical and satirical but also along with a sense of humor.

Alexander Pope's

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Alexander Pope and the Enlightenment 'A little learning is a dang'rous thing,' Alexander Pope famously writes in his poem 'An Essay on Criticism.'The poem is one of the most quoted in the English.

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(An Essay on Criticism, ll. ) Basic set up: In this section of Pope's poem (yeah, it's a poem, but it's also an essay), he praises the ancient Roman poet Horace.

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An Essay on Criticism was published when Pope was relatively young. The work remains, however, one of the best-known commentaries on literary criticism. Although the work treats literary criticism. Pope wrote “An Essay on Criticism” when he was 23; he was influenced by Quintillian, Aristotle, Horace’s Ars Poetica, and Nicolas Boileau’s L’Art Poëtique. Written in heroic couplets, the tone is straight-forward and conversational.

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An Essay on Criticism, didactic poem in heroic couplets by Alexander Pope, first published anonymously in when the author was 22 years old. Although inspired by Horace ’s Ars poetica, this work of literary criticism borrowed from . And "An Essay on Criticism" is one of the best pieces of this kind of critical works. Its content is an article, but its style of writing is a poem, and the sound is also pleasing. I really adore Pope's talent and creativity, especially knowing the background of this poem.