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Main peculiarities of a dissertation methodology structure

The methodology typically follows your literature review, so for the purposes of clarity and regaining focus it is useful briefly to recap the central research questions of your dissertation.

Define and explain the problems which you seek to address. Give an overview of your approach to primary research in order to guide the reader and contextualise your methodology. By identifying all methodological aspects to which to will attend — rationale, justification, sampling issues, etc.

The ability to reproduce the results of an experiment is a hallmark of proper scientific method; in the humanities also, reproducibility indicates greater credibility and usefulness. Provide a detailed description of your techniques, such that those wishing to challenge your position could, if they wished, reproduce the same research.

Consider whether your research methodology is typical of comparable research projects within your particular subject area. A review of the relevant literature will doubtless find some comparable endeavours, in which case the adoption of those methodologies may lend authority to your approach.

It is absolutely essential that you provide sound reasons for the methods your have chosen to conduct your research. This aspect is particularly important when adopting a novel or non-standard methodology. Approaches at odds with comparable endeavours require considerable rigorous justification. No matter what type of research, there are almost always a number of methodological approaches available.

In your rationale, critically evaluate alternate approaches in order to defend the methods you have finally chosen. Weigh up the pros and cons of all relevant alternatives, including your own choice. Essential considerations in all types of research, issues of reliability and validity must be explicitly discussed.

Many matters fall under this area, including accuracy, precision, sources of error and statistical significance. A paradigm is similar to a methodology in that it is also a constructive framework.

In theoretical work, the development of paradigms satisfies most or all of the criteria for methodology. Any description of a means of calculation of a specific result is always a description of a method and never a description of a methodology. It is thus important to avoid using methodology as a synonym for method or body of methods. Doing this shifts it away from its true epistemological meaning and reduces it to being the procedure itself, or the set of tools, or the instruments that should have been its outcome.

A methodology is the design process for carrying out research or the development of a procedure and is not in itself an instrument, or method, or procedure for doing things. Methodology and method are not interchangeable. In recent years, however, there has been a tendency to use methodology as a "pretentious substitute for the word method ".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about research methods. This approach can allow for you the room to change or modify research questions if your methods of data collection are not giving the desired results.

In short, you will need to make sure that the data you are going to collect relates to the topic you are exploring. The complexity and length of research design section will vary depending on your academic subject and the scope of your research but any well written research design will have the following characteristics: This will discuss your chosen philosophy to strengthen your research and the research model. The three most commonly employed research philosophies in the world of academia are interpretivism, positivism, pragmatism, constructivism and post-positivism although there several other research philosophies that you could adopt.

The choice of the philosophy will depend on many factors including your academic subjective, and the type and complexity of research study. Regardless of what philosophy is employed, you will be required to make different assumptions about the world. Once you have chosen your research philosophy, the next step will be to describe the context of your research in order to answer all the W questions including When, Where, Why, How and What.

Essentially, as a researcher you will be required to make the decision whether you will be using qualitative method, quantitative method or a mix of both. The process of data gathering is different for each method. Typically, you would want to decide whether you are going to adopt the positivist approach; defining your hypothesis and testing it against reality.

If this is the case then you will be required to take the quantitative approach; collecting numerical data at a large scale from 30 or more respondents and testing your hypotheses with this data. With a qualitative approach, you will have to collect responses from respondents and look at them in all their richness to develop theories about the field you are exploring.

Finally, you can also use a mix of both qualitative and quantitative methods which is becoming increasingly popular among the researchers these days. This method is particularly useful if you are interested in putting quantitative data into a real world context or reflect different perspectives on a subject. This section will require you to clearly specify how you gathered the data and also briefly discuss the tools you used to analyse it. Similarly, if you used a software such as Excel or SPSS to process the data then you will have to justify your choice of software.

In this section of your methodology chapter, you will also have to explain how you arrived at your findings and how they are reliable. Your supervisor or a dissertation research assistant can play a key role to help you write the Methodology chapter to a First Class standard. So keep your supervisor in the loop to get their contributions and recommendations throughout the process. Always take into account how your research will influence other individuals who are beyond the scope of study.

This is especially true for human subjects. As a researcher, you are always expected to make sure that your research and ideas do not harm anyone in any way.


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Research structure is basically an outline of the work and you are expected to provide the research structure towards the end of introduction chapter in your disseration. The following is a sample of a research structure: Chapter One explains the outline of .

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To address how to write a methodology, in the Methodology section of your dissertation you have to justify and explain your choice of methodologies employed in your research. You don’t however have to explain the methodological .

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Uber Organizational Structure. It can be argued that the current pattern of Uber’s organizational structure illustrated in Figure 1 above can be subjected to more changes by new CEO Dara Khosrowshahi in the medium-term perspective. Main peculiarities of a dissertation methodology structure. Methodology is a very important part of your dissertation. Some people also refer to it as research methodology.

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Use the arguments for and against articulated in the literature to clarify why you decided to choose this research design and why the research limitations are irrelevant in your research. How to Structure Methodology Chapter of your Dissertation. Most research projects share the same general structure. You might think of this structure as following the shape of an hourglass. The research process usually starts with a broad area of interest, the initial problem that the researcher wishes to study.