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Korean Customs - In General

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Korean Customs and Beliefs

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Korea 101: Korean Customs and Traditions

Buddhism was the official religion of the Goryeo dynasty, and many privileges were given to Buddhist monks during this period. However, the Joseon period saw the suppression of Buddhism, where Buddhist monks and temples were banned from the cities and confined to the countryside.

In its place a strict form of Confucianism , which some see as even more strict than what had ever been adopted by the Chinese, became the official philosophy. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation, the traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism , Mahayana Buddhism and Confucianism have remained an underlying influence of the religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture. They still exist in the more Christian South [28] [29] [30] and in the North, despite pressure from its government.

The shrine is dedicated to the spirits of the ancestors of the royal family of the Joseon Dynasty. It is heavily influenced by Korean Confucian tradition. An elaborate performance of ancient court music with accompanying dance known as Jongmyo jeryeak is performed there each year.

When it was built in it was to be one of the longest buildings in Asia. There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in 19 chambers. The shrine was burnt to the ground during the Imjin wars , but rebuilt in Changdeokgung is also known as the "palace of illustrious virtue".

It was built in , burnt to the ground during the Imjin wars in and reconstructed in For more than years Changdeokgung was the site of the royal seat. It is located in Seoul. The surroundings and the palace itself are well matched. Some of the trees behind the palace are now over years old, besides a preserved tree which is over years old. Bulguksa is also known as the temple of the Buddha Land and home of the Seokguram Grotto. The temple was constructed in and consists of a great number of halls.

There are two pagodas placed in the temple. The Seokguram grotto is a hermitage of the Bulguksa temple. It is a granite sanctuary. In the main chamber a Buddha statue is seated.

Haeinsa is a large temple in the South Gyeongsang province. It was originally built in and home to the Tripitaka Koreana wood blocks, the oldest Buddhist wooden manuscripts in the world.

The wood blocks are testimony to the pious devotion of king and his people. The word Tripitaka is Sanskrit and stands for three baskets, referring to the Buddhist laws of aesthetics. The Tripitaka Koreana consists of 81' wood blocks and is the largest, oldest, and most complete collection of Buddhist scripts. Amazingly there is no trace of errata or omission on any of the wood blocks. The Tripitaka Koreana is widely considered as the most beautiful and accurate Buddhist canon carved in Hanja.

Hwaseong is the fortification of the city Suwon south of Seoul in South Korea. Its construction was completed in and it features all the latest features of Korean fortification known at the time.

The fortress also contains a magnificent palace used for the King's visit to his father's tomb near the city. The fortress covers both flat land and hilly terrain, something rarely seen in East Asia. The walls are 5. These include four cardinal gates, a floodgate , four secret gates and a beacon tower.

The Sansa are Buddhist mountain monasteries located throughout the southern provinces of the Korean Peninsula. They contain a large number of individually remarkable structures, objects, documents and shrines.

These mountain monasteries are sacred places, which have survived as living centres of faith and daily religious practice to the present. These sites are home to prehistoric graveyards which contain hundreds of different megaliths. These megaliths are gravestones which were created in the 1st century B. Megaliths can be found around the globe, but nowhere in such a concentration as in the sites of Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa.

Gyeongju was the capital of the Silla kingdom. The tombs of the Silla rulers can still be found in the centre of the city. These tombs took the shape of rock chambers buried in an earthen hill, sometimes likened with the pyramids. The area around Gyeongju, in particular on the Namsan mountain, is scattered with hundreds of remains from the Silla period. Poseokjeong is one of the most famous of these sites, but there is a great number of Korean Buddhist art, sculptures, reliefs, pagodas and remains of temples and palaces mostly built in the 7th and 10th century.

The site consists of 63 individual tombs from the later Goguryeo , one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. It was founded around northern Korea and Manchuria around 32 BC, and the capital was moved to Pyongyang in This kingdom dominated the region between the 5th and 7th century AD.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Culture of an area. This article is about the traditional culture of Korea.

Music and performing arts. World Heritage Sites Architecture Fortress. National symbols of Korea. Korean pottery and porcelain and Celadon. List of Korean clothing. Korean shamanism , Korean Buddhism , and Korean Confucianism. Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites. Complex of Goguryeo Tombs. Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty.

Archived from the original on Drama from the Rim: Asian Pacific Drama Book 2nd ed. Encyclopedia of Korean Folk Culture. National Folk Museum of Korea. Retrieved 30 November Retrieved 5 April The Story of a Phoenix - Kenneth B. Metropolitan Museum of Art. In addition to brutal killing and widespread destruction, large numbers of Korean craftsmen are abducted and transported to Japan. Skillful Korean potters play a crucial role in establishing such new pottery types as Satsuma, Arita, and Hagi ware in Japan.

Korean culture is incomplete without pottery and ceramics. Pottery is Korea's cultural emblem and it started thousands of years ago.

Today, celadon, a Korean blue-glazed pottery, is famous all over the world. This pottery style was passed on to the Japanese by the Koreans. A Korean marriage does not mean the union of two individuals only, but also the unification of two families and two different lifestyles.

Matchmaking with the help of matchmakers Eui Hon , wedding parade on a pony, bowing to the members of family Gyobaerye , couple drinking from the same cup Hapgeunrye and bridal procession Wugwi are major rituals of a traditional Korean marriage.

Traditional clothes are the pride of the Korean people. Hanbok is the name given to traditional Korean attire. It is worn in marriage ceremonies, family functions and traditional festivals.

It is also the official government and national dress in Korea. People of all ages wear it with pride because it is one of the emblems of their cultural identity.

Knowing and understanding these customs is important because while visiting the country, you must abide to their rules and customs; otherwise, you might end up in an embarrassing situation because western practices and customs are totally different from the customs of the Korean people.

The Korean Hanbok , http: Korea — Divided by Boundaries, United by Culture Until , Korea was a single country on the world map but political unrest resulted in a division of the region into two countries with different political ideologies. A Korean Family Family is the most important part of Korean society and they lead a family oriented life where the father is the head of the family.

Korean Beliefs and Practices Koreans believe in sincerity and following protocols while meeting, eating, praying or even celebrating is very important.

Hierarchy is integral in Korean daily life, with almost all social interaction dictated by it. Koreans consider civil people to be humble and followers of the rules laid out by the country — a behavioral way of living that benefits the group, not the individual. For generations, military rule and the hierarchy it presented translated into the establishment of four distinct classes: Type B people are optimistic and passionate, irresistible and self-centered.

Type AB people are either ambitious and self-confident or indecisive and unforgiving. Type O people are ambitious, outgoing, and active, but can also be ruthless and vain. Type Os are viewed as leaders and tend to be more expressive and passionate.

Walking through the streets of Seoul, you might witness couples not just holding hands but wearing matching outfits — same shirts, caps, pants or shoes. The village has a bleak cluster of blue huts where North Korean and U. Near its western end, negotiations between the two countries take place in a small joint security area. The DMZ is a popular tourist destination full of history and tense excitement for those visiting or living in South Korea.

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Korea is an Asian country deeply rooted in its culture, values and beliefs. The customs of the Korean people make them humble, honest and loyal. They believe in the teachings of Buddha and Confucius and it reflects in their daily life and lifestyle. They give importance to work and education and consider family welfare as motto of their lives.

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Culture + Religion 10 Korean customs to know before you visit Korea. Dec 9, Korean culture has survived for 5, years, despite the best efforts by hostile neighbors to stomp it out. If you know and respect Korean culture you will get much more out of your time in Korea. It’s so ingrained in their culture that one of their most.

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Guide to South Korea and Korean culture, society, language, etiquette, manners, customs and protocol. Team Canada - Many countries around the world have their own special quirks and fascinating truths that may seem strange to outsiders but are completely normal to .

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Koreans are reserved and well-mannered people. Learn about the full country etiquette, the customs, their culture and how to be professional in business. Korean Customs - In General. The family is the most important part of Korean life. In Confucian tradition, the father is the head of the family and it is his responsibility to provide food, clothing and shelter, and to approve marriages or moves by family members. The eldest son has special duties including first his parents, then his.