There were those who liked to fish in troubled waters. The largest body consisted of men of "upright intentions" whose opposition arose "from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable, the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears.
The debate on both sides should be conducted with moderation, for "nothing could be more ill judged than that intolerant spirit, which has, at all times, characterised political parties. Hamilton then clearly outlined what was going to be discussed in succeeding essays, particularly the "utility of Union. The most interesting thing here is Hamilton's analysis of the groups opposing the proposed constitution. There were those congenitally opposed to any change, no matter what.
There were those who feared losing status and their jobs under a new arrangement. There were those who always liked to fish in troubled waters, hoping to come up with something.
No one denied any of this. But Hamilton was on more questionable and highly dubious ground when he characterized the main opposition as a lot of well-intentioned men, "blameless at least, if not respectable," who had been led astray "by preconceived jealousies and fears.
Fears about the central government becoming too powerful and abusing its military authority or right to tax should be soothed by understanding the role of legislature, or the representatives of the people, in determining the central government's authority to raise an army and levy taxes. Allowing both the federal and state government to levy taxes will ensure that they both have enough funds to effectively plan to meet their different needs.
Critics claim that the Constitutional Convention was not authorized to remove the Articles of Confederation. In fact, resolutions of both the Annapolis Convention and the Confederation Congress allowed for any changes consistent with the needs of the nation.
It contains many of the same powers, only strengthened, and differs only in the number of states required to ratify the changes, requiring only 9 instead of the formerly required Furthermore, the Constitution requires that the people, not the states, are needed to ratify the document and decide whether they will take the advice of the framers or not.
The framers did the best within their abilities to provide a plan that would best ensure the happiness of the American people. Even if the convention was unauthorized, that does not mean that the states should not take the good advice of the delegates to the convention. Each of the powers delegated to congress under the U. Constitution originate with the people themselves, are checked by the authority of other branches of government, or can be checked by the state governments.
The powers delegated to the central government will best maintain the individual liberty of the citizens by providing for unified and enforced regulations and guidelines. Plus, the state governments retain a large portion of their sovereignty under the new form of government, which is dependent on the state governments for its elections and its membership in the Senate.
The state governments will always collectively overpower the central government due to the sheer number of state officials, and to the close connection of the people to their local governments. The supporters of the new document will be accused of favoring despotism and being hostile to liberty. It will be forgotten that the energy of the government is crucial to the security of liberty. You should be on guard, my fellow countrymen, for citizens that try to persuade you in your decision in any way other than through the evidence of truth.
I will provide for you in these essays the reasons to support the new constitution, and will attempt to give you responses to all the objections to the new government. It is worth mentioning that the importance of the union is being questioned.
There are critics that believe no single system can manage all 13 states. The only alternative to adopting this Constitution is to disband the union.
The Federalist Papers is a treatise on free government in peace and security. It is the outstanding American contribution to the literature on constitutional democracy and federalism, and a classic of Western political thought. It is, by far, the most authoritative text concerning the interpretation.
A short summary of The Founding Fathers's The Federalist Papers (). This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Federalist Papers ().
Federalist Papers Summary and summaries of essays by number. The Boston Tea Party is a major link in the chain of events that resulted in the form of government we enjoy today. A summary of Federalist Essays No.1 - No.5 in The Founding Fathers's The Federalist Papers (). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Federalist Papers () and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Start studying Federalist Papers Summaries. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Federalist Papers consist of eighty-five letters written to newspapers in the late s to urge ratification of the U.S. Constitution. With the Constitution needing approval from nine of.