Practically all of the seeds of the new literary crop had been sown in the preceding century. The romantic period includes the work of two generations of writers. The first generation was born during the thirty and twenty years preceding ; the second generation was born in the last decade of the s. The essayist Thomas De Quincey, born in , falls between the two generations. Keats and Shelley belong to the second generation, along with Byron, who was older than they were by a few years.
All three were influenced by the work of the writers of the first generation and, ironically, the careers of all three were cut short by death so that the writers of the first generation were still on the literary scene after the writers of the second generation had disappeared.
The major writers of the second romantic generation were primarily poets; they produced little prose, outside of their letters. Another striking difference between the two generations is that the writers of the first generation, with the exception of Blake, all gained literary reputations during their lifetime.
Of the writers of the second generation, only Byron enjoyed fame while he was alive, more fame than any of the other romantic writers, with perhaps the exception of Scott, but Keats and Shelley had relatively few readers while they were alive.
It was not until the Victorian era that Keats and Shelley became recognized as major romantic poets. Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title. Are you sure you want to remove bookConfirmation and any corresponding bookmarks? Shelley's Poems Percy Bysshe Shelley.
As a whole, Romanticism epitomizes a second revival of literature in England, particularly in lyric and narrative poetry which superseds the Augustan improvement of didactic and satiric forms. This indeed was the epoch that saw the advent of those concepts of literature and of literary history, on which contemporary English scholarship has been established. It is clearly seen that though Romanticism came to an end at the beginning of the XIX century, its impact is still sensed in modern art and literature.
Many notions developed in Romantic epoch, like creative imagination, nature, myth and symbolism, emotions and intuition, autonomy from regulations, spontaneity, plain language, individual experiences, democracy and freedom, as well as an attraction with the past, counting ancient myths and the mysticism of the Medieval age still continues to be the gist of literary writings.
Furthermore, Romanticism represented many of disagreements and ideological disputes that are at the core of the contemporary world; political liberty and oppression, individual and collective duties or liabilities, masculine and feminine roles until lately the established standard of Romanticism was almost entirely male , past, present, and future.
It has proven the foundation of the contemporary western worldview, which saw people as free individuals endeavouring fulfillment through democratic actions, rather than as restrained members of a conventional, authoritarian society. However, the most precious donation of Romanticism is the growth of the genius of two young poets, John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley, whose experiments with poetry and poetic diction conduced to the formation of modern-day literature.
Shelley is a supreme and creative lyrical writer in the English literature whose lyrical force is now asserted to be one of the major contributions to literature as have been the dramatic flair of Shakespeare.
In some respects, Shelley is the quintessential Romantic poet, his eccentric and brief life with its outlandish unearthliness, his moods of delight and dreaminess, his elevated mythopoetic imagination, his ecstatic idealism, merging to form a widespread image of Romanticism.
Shelley was also a deep philosopher whose writings ask and reply many elemental inquiries in life. He was the first writer in English literature to portray the ordinary people as the only force capable of shifting the existing order of life. Shelley led the melody of verse to a degree of perfection unknown in English poetry before him. His rich imagination, his power of rhythmical expression, his harmonious lyricism and his passion for liberty made his poetry unequalled and brought him in a line with most momentous writers of the early nineteenth century.
Shelley had fervour for improving the world and this enthusiasm shines again and again in his writings, in glows that are now intensely comprehensible and exceptionally pure. His conviction in change, the equality of the genders, the strength of imagination and love are repeatedly communicated in his poems, and they provoked much disputes among his conformist confreres.
From the artistic point of view, the most visible characteristic of his verse is the rapturous yearning for Beauty and its glorious manifestation. More than any other Romantic poet, Shelley brought a stirred moral sanguinity to his compositions which he expected would influence his readers sensuously, morally and spiritually.
His poetry is crowded with love, beauty, imagination and sinuosity that are the heart of romanticism. Keats was a zealous philosopher, as disclosed by his letters; in these he meditated on the essence of poetry and the poet and fought with the problems of anguish and demise. He was the last eminent English writer to whom Greek mythology was an abiding and living source not only of delight but of elevated understanding of the natural world as well.
Restlessness, a vague discontent and desire for change, a yearning for a fuller and richer life gradually permeated the minds of men. Men now wanted to go back to Nature—nature that was neglected and was conspicuous by its absence in poetry of the previous Age. The term Romanticism is applied generally to this mood that emerged in the then European society.
Freedom was its life-breath; imagination was it instrument. Its passion for freedom made it revolutionary and iconoclastic. Romanticism disfavors the existing tendency to roam in the realm of fancy.
In one sense, it may be looked upon as the apotheosis or the worship or depression of the luxury melancholy; what could not be realized in actuality was glorified in the imagination in symbolic forms. This accounts for the co-existence in Romantic poetry of the ecstasy of aspiration and the agony of despair, the yearning for an ideal and the pain of non-realisation.
The agony and yearning of the Romantic mind arose out of its sensitive response to human sufferings; its imaginary dreams and visions gave it an artistic self-sufficiency. As a reaction against the imperfections or incompleteness of the human world. Romantic poets tried to escape into an ideal world conceived by the imagination in various forms. Wordsworth sought in the beauty and peace of Nature the deepest realisation of this soul.
Coleridge valued wandering in a symbolical world formed by escaping into the medieval world linked with his one mystical imgination.
Free Essay: Romanticism In Literature Romanticism in literature, began around and lasted until Different from the classical ways of Neoclassical.
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Romanticism is not the bastard child of the Enlightenment but its mistress'. Discuss with reference to ideas about 'savage' peoples. In this essay on. Romanticism was an art that wanted to move away from the Neoclassicism that dominated during the Enlightenment and created a more emotional artform that would soon dominat the early half of the nineteenth century/5(8).
Romanticism is a movement in the arts that flourished in Europe and America throughout much of the 19th century from the period of the French revolution in Romantic artists’ glorified nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the divinity of creation. There is a fundamental emphasis on. This free English Literature essay on Romanticism is perfect for English Literature students to use as an example.