In this case, include the full name of the group as the author:. In their article, Jones and Fraenza stated that If you are using the authors' last names as part of the sentence, use an "and" between the last two names: The APA defines a secondary source aka an indirect source as a source that cites or quotes another source.
For example, if you read an article by Brown and that author quotes the earlier work of Smith , Brown is the secondary or indirect source because it was written later and Smith is considered the direct or original source because it was written first.
To cite a source you found in another source, state the original author within your sentence and state " as cited in " followed by the last name and year of the secondary source. According to Smith as cited in Brown, students need faculty and staff support to succeed.
Coffee helps students stay awake to study Lee, as cited in Brown, The writer wishes to use a quote from Parker who was also quoted on page 5 within an article by Miles What is an In-Text Citation? All in-text citations require the same basic information: There are two main ways to format an in-text citation. Put all the citation information at the end of the sentence: Include some of the citation information as part of the sentence: Each source cited in-text must also be listed in your References list.
However, there are two exceptions to this rule: These types of sources should be cited by in-text citations only. Citing Paraphrases or Summaries. If you are using the exact wording, use quotation marks. If you are paraphrasing, you do not need to add quotations. Put the page number where the quote or information comes from in parenthesis with the period to end the sentence afterward.
If you do not use the author's name in the sentence leading up to the quote or data, then you must put the author's name in the parenthesis before the page number. Mention the name of the work with a shortened version of the title leading up to your data or quote.
Add a period outside the parenthesis to end the sentence. Place a shortened version of the title of the work in parenthesis along with the page number if you did not mention it earlier. Then, add the period on the outside of the parenthesis to end the sentence. Use the first title that the source has listed in your bibliography when you mention it leading up to the quote or data.
If you haven't already, place the first thing that this source lists in your bibliography in parenthesis. For websites do not put full URLs. You can use the format "eHow. There is no need for page numbers or paragraph numbers.
Mention the names of the authors leading up to the quote or data. If there are more than three you are allowed to use the first name listed in your bibliography plus "et al. Place each of the last names of the authors in parenthesis along with the page number if you did not mention them.
When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Year, e.g., (Anon. ) (Anon. is the abbreviation for anonymous). See Full Citation. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: (Driblick , in Oobleck ).
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
In any research paper, you will have used information from other sources, and it is essential to use in text citations to accredit other researchers. Depending on the subject of your paper, you will need to adhere to specific format guidelines. For example, English-based papers generally use the MLA format, while .
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, E.g., (Jones, ), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. Dec 21, · How to Cite a Research Paper. When writing a paper for a research project, you may need to cite a research paper you used as a reference. The basic information included in your citation will be the same across all styles. However, the %(1).