A famous conquistador Cortes conquered the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. He set out for God, gold and Glory. He was able to conquer the Aztec capital partly because the Aztec ruler Montezuma believed that Cortes was a God whose return had been predicted. Cortes laid seige on the city in , the year a smallpox epidemic broke out in Mexico. The coalescence of conquest and disease broke down the Aztec empire and gave way to Spanish rule for three centuries.
Anyhow, the European encounter in the Americas had many positive effects. Exchanging animals and crops between the two worlds helped many people. New World plants such as tobacco, maize, and potatoes changed the world economy and European diet. About three-fifths the crops group grown today were established in the Americas.
Also, foodstuffs in the Americas helped feed a population boom in Africa. The Old World brought over plants such as apples and grapefruits. The introduction of horses in the New World started in Mexico and eventually spread to Canada, Indian tribes like the Apaches and Sioux embraced horses into their culture, which created mobile hunting societies throughout the Great Plains.
In addition to these positive results, Europeans also brought their language, laws, customs and religion to the people of America. In Mexico, these aspects of European culture proved to be useful. Also, there was a shortage of females and many European men intermarried with the Native American women creating a new culture known as Metizos.
Spanish America blossomed in many different aspects. Cathedrals were built, printing presses turned out books, and universities were built in many cities.
The unexpected discovery of the Americas can be seen in two contradicting views. The colossal amount of death amongst native americans has brought about the idea of the Black Legend. This belief states that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas.
Nevertheless, the European encounter with the Americas brought about many longterm positive effects, such as the swapping of foods, animals, technology, and culture. Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on Age of Exploration specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. Age of Exploration Essay. How to cite this page Choose cite format: America European Exploration Cultures of the new world.
It was not only curiosity that led to the exploration of the new world, but instead dreams of riches, lands, and commerce. After the Black Death that decimated the population of Europe, Europe began to see a huge population growth across the continent. For instance, in France alone the population doubled in the period from to As the population grew, so did the need for goods and resources. The demands for spices such as pepper, cinnamon, and cloves were increasing amongst the European population.
The desire for silks, precious gems, gold and silver, and other luxuries led to a need to increase trade in Europe. As Europeans tried to obtain more goods, they looked towards other countries to fulfill their demands.
For example, explorers Vasco da Gama and Bartholomew Dias both sailed in order to find a much faster trade route to India that would avoid traveling through the Ottoman Empire. Columbus also set sail to find a faster trade route to Asia before accidentally landing in present-day North America. By finding a direct trade route to Asia, Europeans were also able to accumulate more profit while trading. As a part of this exploration process, slavery started to expand as well.
Slavery, up to this point, was not a common practice amongst Christian Europeans because they did not believe in enslaving other Christians. As the explorers discovered new lands, the natives became a new source for slaves such as, Western Africa. Slavery was not a primary motive at the start of the surge in exploration; however, it boosted the economy and later became an integral part of the labor force, which spurred on further exploration. The pursuit of glory was another goal in the Age of Exploration.
As Europeans came to realize the amount of undiscovered lands and territories available, they started to become very interested in growing their empires by colonizing foreign lands. These new lands provided opportunities for all citizens, even the poor who looked for a new start.
With the invention of the printing press, stories of successful voyages spread throughout Europe. Exploration was a dangerous undertaking. The threat of drowning, disease, attack, and starvation loomed at every turn.
The rewards had to outweigh the risks involved. Since exploration was a costly endeavor, a motivated explorer had to find the backing of a powerful monarchy or government to finance their voyage. It is understood that an explorer had to have the technology to explore other continents, however, the ability to explore alone is not the main impetus in the Age of Exploration. Europeans, on the other hand, were highly motivated to explore for the purposes of economic expansion, Christian conversion, and increasing power and prestige through colonization.
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Age of Exploration Essay 4 Words | 7 Pages The Age of Exploration was a period from the early s and continuing into the early s, during which European ships traveled around the world to search for new trade .
The Age of Exploration was a period from the early s and continuing into the early s, during which European ships traveled around the world to search for new trade routes to feed growing capitalism in Europe.
Essay on Analysis of The Age of Exploration - The Age of Exploration was one of the most important time periods to have ever impacted the world. The Age of Exploration started in the late ’s until the 17th Century. In the beginning of the Age of Exploration, the main incentive of the voyagers was to find a sea route to Asia because the land route was much too treacherous. But once they discovered the Americas, their goals were distorted. When Columbus and his masses first arrived in the unknown land he /5(3).
We will write a custom essay sample on Age of Exploration specifically for you for only $ $/page. Order now A century later, approximately ninety percent of the Native Americans were eradicated from the planet. There has never been an epidemic this large in human history. The Age of Exploration Summary: Provides a look at the many explorers of the Age of Exploration. Discusses the the high demands for Asian goods in Europe and the need for quicker trade routes to Asia for these goods.4/4(1).